Asia, which includes vast areas such as East Asia, Southeast Asia and the South Asian region, enjoyed large numbers of wild animals inhabiting the region, but it has been extremely difficult to conserve many of these species because of runaway development and the destruction of their habitats as the economies of these nations underwent rapid growth.

Recently, Asian human society has been alarmed by frequent emerging and reemerging infections related to wildlife among them, such as the Nipa virus, SARS and avian flu. In a way, these infections may be nature’s way of protesting the way humans treat their environment.
There are many zoos and aquariums in Asia, where a large number of zoo veterinarians are working. There is increasing demand for zoo vets to educate the public and promote a better understanding of wildlife and its value, as well as growing demand for techniques to treat and rehabilitate injured and sick wildlife and zoo animals. Thus, various Asian countries face similar problems in wildlife conservation, and since 2005, Asian Meeting of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine/Conservation had been provided a useful forum for sharing experiences and concerns in order to discuss and solve these problems relating to wildlife and zoo animals in Asia. Since the first meeting of Asian Zoo and Wildlife Medicine at Kasesart University in 2005, we have held meetings and workshops concerning Asian zoo and wildlife conservation on a regular basis. The second meeting was held at Chulalongkorn University in 2006, followed by the Second Asian Workshop on Conservation Medicine, which was held at National Taiwan University in Taiwan in 2007. In 2008, the ASZWM meeting was hosted by Bogor Agricultural University in Indonesia. In 2009, the third workshop was hosted by Seoul National University and the Korean Society of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, and focused on East Asian wildlife and fostering greater participation by students. In 2011, the first ASZWM workshop in South Asia was held in Kathmandu in Nepal. Through these meetings, we continued to strive for mutual understanding and collaboration in efforts to conserve wildlife and zoo animals, as well as to protect our environment in Asian countries.

As the next steps for developing Asian networking of conservation medicine, ASZWM boards decided to start discussions on foundation of diploma system for Asian conservation medicine to guaranty the quality of personal activity in zoo and wildlife medicine/ conservation, and to sustain and develop activity of Asian networking of conservation medicine.